For a few weeks now in the Love to Learn Linky, I have been spotting awesome posts that have to do with helping kids deal with difficult emotions.
One emotion in particular that has lately become more prominent in my 3 year old son, Onetime, is anxiety. Today’s post will share great ideas that I have found around the blogosphere for helping your child deal with this uncomfortable emotional state.
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After recently taking a parenting course on Emotional Wellness, I learned that difficult emotions like anger, anxiety, and sadness are really expressions of other deeper feelings.
Check out the emotions wheel below. You will see that feeling Scared can often be a result of feeling a variety of different ways. The emotions we often see are the ones in the center and the underlying feelings are on the outside of the wheel.
For kids, I would bet that most fear and anxiety comes out of feeling insecure, confused, helpless, embarrassed and/or overwhelmed.
The other morning, when he woke up in a cold sweat, telling me in detail about a bad dream where he was lost in a “scary building” and a “scary man with a funny head and a button” was chasing him, I have to admit I felt a cold finger run up my spine as well! LOL
I had extremely vivid nightmares as a child too and it was easy to empathize. But what could I do to help?
Well, first of all, we talked about how dreams are not real of course, but after he mentioned it for the fourth or fifth time that day, I realized that he still needed to get the anxiety out somehow.
What we ended up doing was drawing the dream.
I got my son a marker and some paper and said, “Would you like to draw me what the scary man looked like?” and he agreed. Here was his drawing and he could tell me what each of the parts was.
As he was drawing, I asked questions, and empathized A LOT! For example, I said things like, “Tell me about that part of the drawing,” and “That must have been scary!” and “What a strange looking man – that must have made you nervous in your dream,” and “I bet you felt all alone when you couldn’t find Mommy or Daddy.”
Now, I’m not a psychologist, and this is not professional advice, but it really worked for my son. I didn’t hear any more about the scary man with the funny head after we were done drawing.
In fact, by the time he was done drawing and we were done talking, my son was giggling about how “silly” the man looked. It was like putting him on paper took the dream’s scare power away.
Onetime seemed to need to be heard in order to let this anxiety go. And isn’t that true for most difficult emotions with kids?
I learned so much about empathizing, and the importance of acknowledging your child’s feelings from reading How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk.
The authors, Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish, advocate using drawing with kids when they are angry as well and I can see why that might help after using it with my son the other day.
Now I know that there are all kinds of causes for anxiety in kids, and your child may be experiencing something altogether different from mine.
It seems to me that the best way to tackle anxiety is in 4 ways: help kids identify what they’re feeling (remember the wheel), support the expression and release of those feelings, give your child appropriate ways to deal with their uncomfortable feelings, and think about ways to prevent anxiety. Here’s where all those great resources come in!
Helping Kids Identify Their Feelings
Part of emotional development and maturation for kids is to learn the labels for different emotions so that they can start to recognize them in themselves (and others.)
The Tribes program Tribbles activity was a favourite circle activity for students when I was teaching. You can make your own version easily. Basically, you just have your child point to the character that best represents how they’re feeling at the moment and then you can have a discussion about it.
The Mosswood Connections blog has an amazing collection of ideas that are engaging for kids of all ages that will help teach emotional literacy.
Effectively Supporting Our Children’s Feelings
How we speak to our kids when they’re upset can make a huge difference to how they feel.
The other day a friend told me about how her daughter was having difficulty adjusting to a new preschool program. She was crying when they arrived and continued to cry the entire hour of the first morning. She was experiencing overwhelming anxiety.
My friend was a little upset to hear her daughter’s new preschool teacher tell her child, “Don’t cry.” It was said for all the right reasons, but unfortunately, being told to basically “stuff-it” was probably the least helpful thing this teacher could have said to this child.
So what CAN you say instead to a child in the throws of an anxious upset? How about, “You look really upset. It can be very hard to be away from Mommy and start school on your own,” or something similar.
According to Dan Siegel, author of The Whole-Brain Child: 12 Revolutionary Strategies to Nurture Your Child’s Developing Mind, even just giving a child’s feelings a label (e.g. “upset” in the example above) helps to calm down the emotional part of a child’s brain. He refers to this strategy as “Name it to Tame it!”
I’ve already written a few posts summarizing expert advice on helping kids deal with strong negative emotions. Cruising Towards Mellow, 10 Ways to Teach Empathy, and Helping Aggressive Kids share strategies from parenting experts on helping your child feel heard when they’re upset.
Toddler Approved also has a fantastic list of Ways to Support your Anxious Child.
Teaching Appropriate Ways to Deal With Feelings
Have your child try the drawing activity we mentioned above, or try Mosswood Connections’ Breath Support art activities.
When my son, who is severely allergic to peanuts, had an unexpected reaction that ended in a scary ambulance ride to the hospital, we ended up “playing” out his anxiety over the next few weeks. Read about our experiences in D is for Dauntless.
Wugs and Dooey – Play Therapy for Families Living Apart This brilliant mom found a way to help her sons deal with their upset emotions through play using Duplo and little people characters!
Be sure to visit Mosswood Connections again to find their post that shares tons of other Tips for Soothing an Anxious Child.
Sometimes having “props” for a child to use when they’re upset can help.
My son and I recently found a wonderful kids book for 3-8 yr olds called, Angel Violet’s Magic Wings which takes kids through a relaxation visualization in the course of a fun little story. We also made a calming jar to use while reading this story.
Click here to find out more about the Magic Sparkles Calming Jar.
Check out these other great ideas:
Create Your Own Anti-Anxiety Kit from The Chaos and the Clutter also has some great advice from a mom who has a daughter dealing with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
This Calming Basket from The Way He Plays would be simple to make.
Glittery Calm Down Bottles from Gift of Curiosity has instructions for the bottles along with a discussion of a “peace corner” that kids can use when they’re feeling upset/stressed out.
I love this toy-themed Lego Calm Down Jar from Lemon Lime Adventures for lego lovers.
Preventing Anxiety in the Future
Personally, I have found that talking in advance about situations that might be scary can be helpful. Reading books about things like the first dentist visit, or Kindergarten can also help prepare a child for the unknown.
The trick is just to find the right timing – not too far in advance (or your child may lose some sleep!), but far enough that your child doesn’t feel like they’re being thrown to the dogs, so to speak!
Here are some great posts on helping ease kids’ anxiety, before (and during) new situations:
Easing Kindergarten Anxiety from Coffee Cups and Crayons.
Easing Separation Anxiety from Childhood 101.
Here are some tips for preschool teachers to help ease separation anxiety in the classroom from Pre-K Pages.
Surviving the Holidays with an Anxious Child from The Chaos and the Clutter.
Social Anxiety on the Playground from There’s Just One Mommy.
Easing anxiety before a Doctor’s Visit from Stir the Wonder.
Last – a couple craft projects you can do with your child, that might help ease some anxiety (or at the very least – provide an opportunity to do some of that supportive talking!) –
Home Made Picture Books to take to school or to keep when parents are away – from No Time For Flashcards.
Paper Plate Dream Catchers to catch bad dreams from Happy Hooligans.
If you’re looking for even more emotional literacy ideas for preschoolers – be sure to check out our Emotional Health for Kids Pinterest board at: Follow One Time Through’s board Emotional Health for Kids on Pinterest.
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Wishing you calm seas,